July 17, 2024

The Health

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Reducing Diagnostic Errors in Primary Care Pediatrics Toolkit

The Reducing Diagnostic Errors in Primary Care Pediatrics Toolkit aims to assist primary care practice teams with a systematic approach to reduce diagnostic errors among children in three important areas:

  • Elevated blood pressure, which is misdiagnosed in 74 to 87 percent of children
  • Adolescent depression, which affects nearly 10 percent of teenagers, and is misdiagnosed in almost 75 percent of adolescents
  • Actionable pediatric diagnostic tests, which are potentially delayed up to 26 percent of the time.

A doctor examines a patient.This toolkit walks teams through the measurement, screening, recognition, diagnosis, follow-up, and reduction of diagnostic errors in these areas. It is based on clinical evidence, best practices, and a compilation of resources from the project, which involved over 100 primary care physicians and their care teams working across the United States to improve care for children.

By using this toolkit, primary care providers will be able to:

  • Learn how to implement a systematic approach to providing safe and quality care to children
  • Test strategies for improving care
  • Access tools and best practices from national experts
  • Reduce the likelihood of harm to children by identifying and decreasing diagnostic errors.


AHRQ Research Summit on Improving Diagnosis in Health Care, Rockville, Maryland, September 28, 2016.

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